The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), conducts and supports basic and applied research to better understand, treat and ultimately prevent infectious, immunologic and allergic diseases. NIAID provides a number of resources to clinicians and patients to help understand and manage food allergies, some of which are highlighted on this page.
NIAID released its “Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy in the United States” in 2011. This document provides physicians with a uniform set of guidelines to follow for treating patients with food allergies. For example, the guidelines specifically outline the steps to take to diagnose a food allergy, including recommendations on which tests to administer and which tests should not be used . Related conditions such as food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), and Oral Allergy Syndrome (OAS) are also addressed in the guidelines.
NIAID also provides a synopsis of these guidelines for patients and their families to help them work closely with their doctors.
Additional resources from NIAID: